Declaration of Independence was an important official document which declared an anti-British movement from the American colonies.
The colonies under the British rule became reluctant to the never ending impositions of the colonists and therefore formed the Continental Congress to establish their Independence.
What Is The Declaration Of Independence?
The Declaration of Independence is the statement which was embraced by the Second Continental Congress meeting held at the Pennsylvania State House, in Philadelphia on 4th July 1776. It was an announcement that the thirteen American colonies which were at war with Kingdom of Great Britain declared themselves as independent self-governing states. They formed a new nation; the United States of America, which was not under the control of British anymore.
John Adams led the movement of independence which got passed on 2nd July 1776 with zero opposing votes.
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Why Was the Declaration Written: What Was Its Purpose?
During the 1700s, the English colonists implemented some laws and limitations on their American colonies. This led to the formation of their first Continental Congress in 1774. Following King George (III)’s ignorance, Continental Congress declared their independence in their second meeting.
Who Wrote The Declaration Of Independence?
Although Thomas Jefferson is recognized as the primary author of the document, initially five people were selected by the Second Continental Congress which included Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, Roger Sherman, Robert Livingston and Thomas Jefferson. Jefferson wrote the draft to the document which was later revised by Benjamin and Adams. He was the presenter of the Declaration which was again revised later. Finally, on July 4, 1776, the revised document was signed by the President along with John Hancock. It was later sent to John Dunlap for printing.
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Why Was Jefferson Chosen For This Task?
Jefferson practiced law in the Virginia House of Burgesses. He wrote on “A Summary View of the Rights of British America” which paved the way for a strong argument against the British colonists. Jefferson used his works in combination with George Mason’s Virginia Declaration of Rights to draft the Declaration of Independence.
Some Facts Related To The Declaration
#1. Robert Livingston, who was a selected member of the committee didn’t sign the Declaration.
#2. John Dunlap, the printer was asked to make 200 copies of the document which was to be spread throughout the colonies.
#3. The back of the document reads “Original Declaration of Independence/ dated 4th July 1776". Nobody is aware of the writer.
#4. About 86 amends was made to the original draft submitted by Jefferson. The entire length of the draft got reduced to just one fourth of its actual size.
#5. Thomas Jefferson and John Adams both died on the fifth anniversary of the Declaration, which was July 4, 1826.
#6. July 8, 1776, was the first time when the Declaration of Independence was read in public.
#7. The oldest signer of the document was Benjamin Franklin, and the youngest were Thomas Lynch, Jr. and Edward Rutledge of South Carolina.
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