Basically, a hurricane and a typhoon are similar weather phenomenon. Both of them are a tropical storm. However, two different names are used in different geographical locations.
The strong storm occurs in the Atlantic Ocean, the Caribbean Sea, central and northeast Pacific is known as a hurricane, whereas such storm that occurs in the northwest Pacific basin is known as typhoons.
A hurricane and a typhoon occur in different seasons
The hurricane which originates from the Atlantic and the central Pacific Ocean occurs between 1st June and 30th November and the hurricane from the eastern Pacific basin occurs between May 15 and November 30.
A typhoon which originates from the northwestern Pacific basin occurs between May and November.
Regions Prone to Typhoon
The Philippines and the coast of China or Japan which border the northwestern Pacific Ocean are prone to a typhoon.
Regions Prone to Hurricane
The area extended from Hawaii to the Mexican coast, the Gulf of Mexico and east coast of North America are prone to a hurricane.
Frequency of a typhoon and a hurricane
Typhoons occur more frequently in a year compared to hurricanes. On average, typhoon occurs 25 to 30 times in a year, while hurricane occurs 6 to 10 times in a year.