Daylight saving is the practice of forwarding clocks during the summer season so that the evening daylight lasts longer than usual, at the same time, sacrificing the time of the sunrise to save energy.
Traditionally, regions that follow daylight saving times advance their clocks by one hour during the start of the spring and adjust it back to the standard time as the autumn season begins. Several countries from all over the world have used daylight saving time to conserve energy at some point or the other in the past.
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The credit for coming up with the idea of daylight saving goes to Benjamin Franklin, one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. The scientist jokingly suggested in one of his essays in 1784 that the people of Paris could economize the usage of a candle by using the natural light more and getting out of their bed earlier. Though the idea became popular, it wasn’t officially accepted by any country until the beginning of the 20th century when Germany and Austria established daylight saving time in 1916 to save fuel during the World War I.
In the United States, the daylight saving time advancement is usually scheduled near a weekend midnight during the spring season. It occurs at 2 AM when the clocks at the last instant of 01:59 are removed to 3 AM, leaving only 23 hours in the day. Whereas, during the summer season, the clocks are adjusted backward, when at the last instant of 01:59, they are adjusted back to 1 AM. This results in the repetition of an hour, leaving 25 hours in a day.
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Today, the daylight saving time is practiced by more than 70 countries around the globe, affecting over 1 billion people. These include several nations in North America and Europe, some areas of the Middle East are also among the ones who follow the procedure. While most areas of Africa and Asia have refrained from using the method for conserving energy, Paraguay, and the southern Brazil along with New Zealand and Southeastern Australia are some that do. In the United States, where every region other than Hawaii and most of Arizona uses saving time, the clocks are adjusted forward on the second Sunday of March and adjusted backward on the first Sunday of November.
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