A societal mission of Government, Business and Civil Society, Pratham is inspiring people around the world to work towards providing quality education for children and youth.
Himachal Pradesh is one of the states that has achieved near universal enrollment, built enough schools and has appointed ample teaching and academic support staff. Around 99.7 % students of age 6-14 are enrolled in the schools and need of the hour now is to work on the basic literacy and numeracy of these students.
Kullu District administration started “Padho Kullu” a learning enhances the program with Pratham on early literacy and numeracy for Standard. -I&II in 86 cluster primary schools in the academic year 2014-15.
The main objectives of the program were-
• To demonstrate improvement in basic Hindi and Math learning level of all children in Standard 1 and 2 as per the guidelines of MHRD.
• To involve the community, especially mothers in the program
The government teachers of the selected schools were trained on the Pratham pedagogy using CaMal methodologies by the Pratham Master trainers. Additionally, Pratham team members provided academic support to the teachers as well as monitored the classes. Parents, especially mothers as a part of a community also played a vital role in that program.
The Program which initially was in 86 schools was scaled up to 754 schools in 2015-16.
Classroom activities during Padho Kullu:
Gossip on pictures and name of a story: The teacher showed the picture to students and asked them to correlate the picture card to their surroundings. The students were asked to create a story related to the Picture Card.
Reading Story (Model Reading): Teacher taught story by asking students to move their finger on the text of the book. The objective of doing so was to make students aware of the model reading technique.
Asking questions about the story: Post story reading, the teacher, asked questions to judge activeness of the students.
Who will read now?
After finishing all these exercises, the teacher asked selected students to read through the story.
Role Play: Role play was done by students which helped them to retain the story in their mind for a long time.
Pre-Math Concept: Discussion on the shapes and positions was done with students to know their previous knowledge and make them aware of shapes and number of things of their daily life use.
Counting Sense: Students were asked to count a number of material things present in the classroom. This raised the level of questioning of students and also helped them remember activities related to number counting.
Patterns: In this Teacher discussed the shapes by use of TLM and another thing of daily use.
Number Recognition: Number Recognition activities were done with the help of flash cards and such activities were also carried out by many number recognition related games.
Operations and Word Problems: These activities were done by giving students few challenges of the word related games including some trade games.
Following competencies of students were tested in Hindi and Math based on the content and delivery of the program:
• Phonological Awareness
• Reading levels
• Pre-Math Concept
• Counting Sense
• Number Recognition
• Operations and Word Problems
Community Engagement and Mothers Activity:
All schools were continuously engaged with parents especially mothers by sharing test results. Also, for students who had very low attendance in cluster schools, the Pratham team member personally visited their homes to make sure that they attended classes regularly.
Like the previous year, mothers’ engagement program was considered as an important activity of community participation. Monthly meetings were organized with mothers by schools where learning enhancement of their children was an important agenda.
The key objective of community engagement was:
• To ensure mothers participation in the program.
• To familiarize mothers with the learning levels of their children studying in Standard. I & II.
• To encourage them for attending frequent meetings held in the school and able to use simple Padho Kullu activities and worksheets at home with children.
• Making sentences from words
• Making the list: Grains, fruit-flower, vegetables and utensils, etc.
• Opposite words (Anonyms)
• Essay writing about Bazar, festivals, village, town or animal, etc.
• Before and after the number
• Writing name of the number
• About shapes
• Sums of addition and subtraction
• Writing numbers in sequence
130 Cluster Schools of Kullu Districts benefited with Library Books. Library corners were established in these schools and students used these books. Books given by Pratham were appreciated by School Teachers.
Selected teachers from different blocks developed the region specific content which was also in sync with the textbooks. The material was appreciated by teachers.
A four days’ workshop was organized for CHTs/BEEOs and BRCCs in which they were encouraged to give better on-site support to schools.Selection of DRGs was very good which resulted in good teacher training at a block level.Pratham library books were liked by the children very much.