We eat salt every day. Our food doesn’t taste the same without our table salt, i.e., sodium chloride. But do you know if salt is a compound or a mixture?
Here’s all you need to know about salt.
When two or more chemical elements are combined together, they form a substance, which is known as a compound. Salt is a formed by the combination of innumerable chemical compounds. Sodium is an element consisting of 11 electrons. The electronic configuration of sodium is 1s2, 2s2 2p6 3s1.
Salt is known as sodium chloride in chemical terms and has a chemical formula of NaCl. It comprises of atoms of two varied elements, sodium, and chloride in a fixed ratio of 1:1, meaning that each atom of sodium combines with a corresponding atom of chlorine to form sodium chloride.
The properties of all the individual atoms are different from that of the salt molecules. Therefore, salt is known as a compound. Compounds are usually formed by a combination of different elements in a fixed ratio. These elements generally differ in properties from the constituent atoms.
On the other hand, mixtures are made up of elements which retain their original properties even after they are combined together. It is easier to separate the elements in a mixture than in a compound.
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The word "organic" implies different meanings when discussed in a chemistry class and in a kitchen. The major difference between organic and inorganic compounds is that organic compounds contain carbon while the inorganic ones do not contain carbon.
Table salt is a mixture which comprises of compounds. Its primary compound is sodium chloride, followed by potassium chloride. Surprisingly enough, the salt in a person’s breath is mostly potassium chloride.
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Organic Salts vs. Inorganic Salts
An organic salt is a salt which contains an organic ion (carbon atoms).
The resultant product of a reaction between an organic acid and an inorganic base, say sodium acetate (CH3COONa) is a result of the reaction between an acetic acid (CH3COOH) and sodium hydroxide (NaOH).
Inorganic compounds originate primarily from the mineral sources of non-biological origin. The evolved definition of inorganic compounds often includes all metal-containing compounds.
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So, Inorganic salts are salts of elements that do not contain carbon atoms.
NaCl, KCl, BaCl2, Al2SO4, etc.
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