What are the Differences Between Judaism & Christianity?

2,552 Views Updated: 24 Aug 2017
Follow Post
What are the Differences Between Judaism & Christianity?

Christianity and Judaism are the two quite popular and widely followed religions which have a wide number of similarities as well as differences. The religions share a similar kind of ethical code and believe in the existence of heaven and hell. Moreover, the followers of both believe in one God who is almighty and forgiving.

However, despite all the similarities between Judaism and Christianity, there is a stark difference between the two. From scriptures to virtue, here is what makes Christianity different from Judaism.

#1. Different Origins And Founders

The first and foremost difference between Judaism and Christianity is that of their origin. Christianity was founded by Jesus Christ and the followers of Christ were termed as Christians. Judaism, on the other hand, was founded by Abraham, the first patriarch. The followers of Judaism are called Jews.

FOUNDER OF Christianity

(Image Courtesy: WordPress)

#2. The Perception Of Jesus

A major demarcation between the two religions is how they perceive Jesus Christ. While Christianity perceives Jesus Christ as Messiah and Son of God, Judaism does not give any such divine status to Christ. In fact, Judaism views Christ as an ordinary being.

judaism vs christianity

(Image Courtesy: CWW)

#3. The Idea Of Confession

The two religions have quite a different perception on the idea of confession. While the different sections of Christianity promote a confession to God or a priest, Judaism emphasizes on asking forgiveness directly from the person you have wronged.

#4. The Bible vs. The Tanakh

Christianity and Judaism follow different religious scriptures. While The Holy Bible is revered by the Christians, the followers of Judaism read Tanakh. However, Tanakh and the Old Testament are quite similar in nature.

judaism or christianity

(Image Courtesy: Study Tools)

#5. Love vs. Justice

The virtue upon which a religion is based is quite important. The two popular religions Christianity and Judaism are laid down upon two entirely different virtues. While Christianity promotes the idea of love, Judaism is based on the idea of justice.

#6. Eternal Damnation vs. Reincarnation

When it comes to the afterlife, Christianity and Judaism have different ideas. While Christianity believes in an eternal damnation in Hell or an eternal dwelling in Heaven, Judaism has a divided set of beliefs regarding the afterlife. Certain sections of Judaism even believe in the concept of reincarnation of the soul.

#7. Passion vs. Faith

The two religions believe in a different means of salvation. Christianity believes in salvation through the passion of Jesus. Judaism, on the other hand, professes the means of a complete faith in God in order to attain salvation.


(Image Courtesy: Marist Messenger)

#8. Original Sin vs. Responsibility For Actions

Christianity professes the idea that the human kind has an inherited sinful nature. With its doctrine of original sin, Christianity perceives mankind as a fallen race. Judaism, on the other hand, rejects the idea of original sin and opines that each individual is responsible for their own actions.

#9. Cross vs. Star Of David

Symbols and motifs play an important role in any religion. Christianity and Judaism use entirely different symbols for religious purposes. While the sign of the cross is considered to be holy in Christianity, Judaism considers the star of David to be a holy sign.

#10. Commandment vs. Covenant

Interestingly, Christianity and Judaism have different goals. While the main goal of Christianity is to revere God and obeying his Commandment, Judaism focuses more on living a fulfilling and proper life while complying with the Covenant with God.

Commandment And Covenant

(Image Courtesy: Inter Varisity)

#11. Christmas vs. Hanukkah

The eve of Christmas, which marks the birth of Jesus Christ, is a major festival among Christians. In contrast, a popular festival among Jews is Hanukkah, which marks the victory of Jewish over Greeks and the rededication of the Second Temple in Jerusalem. Both the festivals are celebrated at the same day of the year.

We would love to hear from you. Tell us more differences between Judaism and Christianity. Kindly use the comment box to share your thoughts and opinions with us.

Posted by: Rohit Posts: (7) Opinions: (15) Points: 575 Rank: 220

Judaism and Christianity may have certain similarities, but if you go into the details you will see a great number of distinctions between the two religion. A major difference between the two religion comes in the form of depiction of the nature of God. Christianity follows the concept of Trinity and sees God in the form of Father, Son, and the Holy Spirit. Judaism, on the other hand, sees only one God and names it Yahweh or Jehovah.

Related polls