Tips for women to stay healthy

13 Views Updated: 04 Dec 2018
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BREAST CANCER
–          Regular self examination of the breast.
–          Physical examination by health care provider- Doctor
–          Mammography
–         BRCA I & 2 genes in case of family history of breast cancer.


CERVICAL CANCER SCREENING
Starting at age 21, get a Pap smear every 3 Years until you are 65 years old. Women 30 years of age or older can choose for a combination of pap smear every 3 years and human papillomavirus (HPV) test every 5 years until the age of 65. If you are older than 65 or have had a hysterectomy, talk with your doctor about whether you should continue to be screened or else visit Best pathology labs in Delhi

BONE HEALTH SCREENING
–          DEXA Scan
–          Serum Calcium / Phosphate / PTH
–          SerumVitamin D25 Hydroxy

METABOLIC SCREENING- BIOCHEMICAL SCREENING
–          Fasting Blood Glucose
–          Post Prandial Blood Glucose
–          Glycosylated Hb (HbA1C)
–          Urine for Microalbuminuria

HEMATOLOGY
–          Complete Blood Count
–          Comments of Peripheral Smear

INFECTIOUS SCREENING HEPATITIS & HIV

 a) Hepatitis C virus (HCV)- Get screened one time for HCV infection if:
–          You were born between 1945 and 1965.
–          You have ever injected drugs
–          You received a blood transfusion before 1992.

b) HIV – If you are 65 or younger, get screened for HIV. If you are older than 65, talik to your doctor about whether you should be screened.

c) HBs Ag
–           You have ever injected drugs
–          You received a blood transfusion.

COLONIC CANCER SCREENING 
Colon Cancer- Between the ages of 50 and 75, get a screening test for colorectal cancer. Several tests- For example, a stool test or a colonoscopy- can detect this cancer. Your health care team can help you decide which is best for you. If you are between the ages of 75 and 85, talk with your doctor about whether you should continue to be screened.

LUNG CANCER SCREENING
Talk to your doctor or visit Delhi test labs about getting screened for lung cancer if you are between the ages of 55 and 80 or have a 30 packet per year smoking history, and smoke now or have quit within the past 15 years. (your pack-year history is the number of packs of cigarettes smoked per day times the number of year you have smoked .) Know that quitting smoking is best thing you can do for your health.

SEXUAL HEALTH SCREENING
Sexually Transmitted Infections:
Sexually transmitted infection s can make it hard to get pregnant, may affect you baby, and can cause other health problems.
–         Get screened for Chlamydia and gonorrhea infections if you are 24 years or younger and sexually active. If you are older than 24 years, talk to your doctor about whether you should be screened.
–          Ask your doctor whether you should be screened for other sexually transmitted infection.

GET PREVENTIVE MEDICINES IF YOU NEED THEM
Asprin-If you are 55 or older, ask your health care team if you should take aspirin to prevent strokes. Your health care team can help you decide whether taking aspirin to prevent stroke is right for you.


Breast Cancer Drugs- Talk to your doctor about your risks for breast cancer and whether you should take medicines that may reduce those risks. Medications to reduce breast cancer  have some potentially serious harms, so think through both the potential benefits and harms.

Folic Acid. If you of an age at which you can get pregnant and you want to have a baby, you should take a daily supplement containing 0.4 to 0.8 mg of folic acid.

Vitamin D to Avoid Falls. If you are 65 or older and have a history of falls, mobility problems, or other risks for falling, ask your doctor about taking vitamin D supplement to help reduce your chances of falling. Exercise and physical therapy may also help.

IMMUNIZATIONS
–          Get a flu shot every year
–          Get shots for tetanus, diphtheria, and whooping cough. Get tetanus booster if it has been more than 10 year since your last shot.
–          If you are 65 or older, get a pneumonia shot.
–          Talk with your health care team about whether you need other vaccinations.

TAKE STEPS TO GOOD HEALTH.
–          Be physically active and make healthy food choices.
–          Get to a healthy weight and stay there. Balance the calories you take in from food and drink with the
calories you burn off by your activities.
–          Be tobacco free.

If you drink alcohol, have no more than one drink per day.

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