Was Gurukul education system more fruitful than modern education system?

21,654 Views Updated: 13 May 2018
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Was Gurukul education system more fruitful than modern education system?

In India, lack of education in a huge number of individuals has turned the dreams of Education for All' into empty dreams. Mainly, population explosion has put an overwhelming weight on its available infrastructure. India has the world's biggest populace of illiterates. As indicated by 2011 evaluation, literacy rate has gone just up to 74% from 65%. For guys, it has ascended to 82% from 75%, for females to 65% from 54%. In absolute terms, the figure is disturbing. No country can stand to have an expansive number of its populace to stay uneducated, insensible and incompetent. It is the reason that questions and debates have been taking place on the type of education systems that the country has had and the one that it currently has.

Gurukul Education System

In ancient India, education was imparted through the gurukul system. It was also known as the Guru- Shishya Parampara. The objectives of this form of education were:

1. Discretion

2. Improvement of character

3. Generation of friendliness or social mindfulness

4. Fundamental personality development

5. Proliferation of virtue

6. Conservation of learning and culture

Previously, when a male brahmana tyke was seven or eight years of age, he was sent to Gurukul where he concentrated on and lived with the educator. The period of going to Gurukul was decided by the varna of the youngster The customary educators were not delegated by an outside power as instructors. They imparted the education because it was their dharma, the preeminent obligation of their life and there was no other ulterior intention included. The understudies had an inclination to a particular occupation, or varna character, which was characteristic in their genes (or nature). This inclination was not an outside burden on them, so in this way it was extremely common for them to take after this pre-arranged framework.

Merits of Gurukul System

1. The Gurus had colossal information and knew how to instruct the most burdensome of the things.

2. This Parampara used to take as much time as is needed and because of this, the students used to turn out in a meticulous form.

3. They used to acquire a particular style and inculcated high levels of efficiency.

4. The student used to have a high regard for the Guru and discipline was sought after. 

5. Much of the teaching was practical and there was parcel of advantages of this style of education.

6. The environment given to the student ensured he would turn into an artisan or an accomplished person in his field of interest.

Faults of Guru Shishya Parampara

1. The student did not get much exposure as he was under the tutelage of a single Guru.

2. There was no day and age designated for the course. The understudy needed to rely upon the educator entirely.

3. The old framework did not engage the hypothetical aspect of art.

4. The student additionally needed to perform everyday house chores for the master.

Gurukul System versus Modern Education System

Modern Education System has evolved with time and has been influenced by the western system. It has been affected by the changes and advances in technology. The education system has incorporated technologies like ebooks, video lectures, distance learning through video chat, demonstrations through 3-D imagery, etc. There is no doubt that the system has evolved to incorporate the technological developments. These have helped the students in grasping better knowledge through visual aids that help in increasing retention. Teaching methods are continuously upgraded as per advanced research and developments.

The only drawback is when the emphasis is on the theoretical part rather than the practical part. No one can deny that modern education is more effective when it comes to retention, understanding, and opportunities. The system should be made available to everyone so that each and everyone can access it as per his or her interest.

We need an amalgamation of both

One needs to comprehend the reason for Gurukul: how it worked, what society resembled in the past and how the objective of Gurukul training can be accomplished in the present day setting. It is not just an case of copying the past. There must be an adjustment and a mix of both cutting edge instruction and convention if the gurukul framework is to survive and affect today's general public. The objective of the new age gurukul education should be to prepare students in a manner that they do not just have the learning of the current training framework, but also beyond that. Gurukul graduates should not feel substandard compared to their peers.

Posted by: surabhi.sharma4291 Posts: (5) Opinions: (24) Points: 955 Rank: 82
Opinions (4)

It is because our ancient scholars like Aryabhatta, Rish were on that time. Why we stopped producing them now.It all because of our present education system.

we have to make learner to think not to implement the thing to the learner.


Gurukul system focuses on training by a single teacher or from teachers of similar thought process, who partner and share their teaching. This system works great for elementary education, where each student can get a lot of personal attention from the teacher making this one of the primary advantages of the gurukul system. In ancient India teaching was considered to be holy duty which a Brahman was bound to discharge irrespective of consideration of the fee all teachers were expected to devote their lives to the cause of teaching in the missionary spirit of self-sacrifice and the society laid down the principal that both the public and state should help the learned teachers & educational institutions very liberally. Society realized that teaching or the gift of education is the best of gifts, possessing a higher religious merit than even the gift of land. This lead to Gurukul Education which was a clever ploy to restrict knowledge to the majority of Indians by vested Interests as only the ones who belonged to a certain caste were allowed to learn in a gurukul. It restricted access to learning and progress to nearly 97 percent of the population of the Indian subcontinent. The Advantages and Disadvantages of Gurukul system of education are that it places enormous importance on discipline which is a good thing and the disadvantage is that the guru sometimes got his chores done from the student on the pretext that it will help him learn. When we examine the advantages of gurukul system of education vs modern education advantages we learn that both of thme need to go hand in hand in order to improve the schools today where you place importance on the mind and spirit and are unyielding when it comes to rules but make them only after due diligence and deliberation not in the headstrong fashion of tradition in which the teacher says that because this happened to me it should happen to you as well.

May be

I like gurukul system. It is better as the students not only study orally but they also do the household work. Nowadays, machine does all their work and makes the man dependent on them for everything. Under the gurukul system of education students used to draw water from well, clean the house, get food and there was no limitation to education in the gurukul.  The students would pay guru dakshina as per their choice and allowance.
If I were a part of the debate on modern education v/s ancient education, Gurukul is better any day. Now a days very few students respect their teachers but in gurukuls all the students used to respect their gurus (teachers)
Talking about which one is better between gurukul system of education and modern education, Gurukul is a better way of teaching as it inculcates moral values in the students which students these days lack. And also it’s not just about the teachers, even the students who studied in Gurukul were engaged in every activity in addition to receiving their education.
Modern education in comparison to Gurukul system of education only concentrates on marks and exams. It is merely about scoring well in exams and not in life. Modern education does not focus on moral and ethical values unlike Gurukul education.


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