In India, lack of education in a huge number of individuals has turned the dreams of Education for All' into empty dreams. Mainly, population explosion has put an overwhelming weight on its available infrastructure. India has the world's biggest populace of illiterates. As indicated by 2011 evaluation, literacy rate has gone just up to 74% from 65%. For guys, it has ascended to 82% from 75%, for females to 65% from 54%. In absolute terms, the figure is disturbing. No country can stand to have an expansive number of its populace to stay uneducated, insensible and incompetent. It is the reason that questions and debates have been taking place on the type of education systems that the country has had and the one that it currently has.
In ancient India, education was imparted through the gurukul system. It was also known as the Guru- Shishya Parampara. The objectives of this form of education were:
2. Improvement of character
3. Generation of friendliness or social mindfulness
4. Fundamental personality development
5. Proliferation of virtue
6. Conservation of learning and culture
Previously, when a male brahmana tyke was seven or eight years of age, he was sent to Gurukul where he concentrated on and lived with the educator. The period of going to Gurukul was decided by the varna of the youngster The customary educators were not delegated by an outside power as instructors. They imparted the education because it was their dharma, the preeminent obligation of their life and there was no other ulterior intention included. The understudies had an inclination to a particular occupation, or varna character, which was characteristic in their genes (or nature). This inclination was not an outside burden on them, so in this way it was extremely common for them to take after this pre-arranged framework.
1. The Gurus had colossal information and knew how to instruct the most burdensome of the things.
2. This Parampara used to take as much time as is needed and because of this, the students used to turn out in a meticulous form.
3. They used to acquire a particular style and inculcated high levels of efficiency.
4. The student used to have a high regard for the Guru and discipline was sought after.
5. Much of the teaching was practical and there was parcel of advantages of this style of education.
6. The environment given to the student ensured he would turn into an artisan or an accomplished person in his field of interest.
1. The student did not get much exposure as he was under the tutelage of a single Guru.
2. There was no day and age designated for the course. The understudy needed to rely upon the educator entirely.
3. The old framework did not engage the hypothetical aspect of art.
4. The student additionally needed to perform everyday house chores for the master.
Modern Education System has evolved with time and has been influenced by the western system. It has been affected by the changes and advances in technology. The education system has incorporated technologies like ebooks, video lectures, distance learning through video chat, demonstrations through 3-D imagery, etc. There is no doubt that the system has evolved to incorporate the technological developments. These have helped the students in grasping better knowledge through visual aids that help in increasing retention. Teaching methods are continuously upgraded as per advanced research and developments.
The only drawback is when the emphasis is on the theoretical part rather than the practical part. No one can deny that modern education is more effective when it comes to retention, understanding, and opportunities. The system should be made available to everyone so that each and everyone can access it as per his or her interest.
One needs to comprehend the reason for Gurukul: how it worked, what society resembled in the past and how the objective of Gurukul training can be accomplished in the present day setting. It is not just an case of copying the past. There must be an adjustment and a mix of both cutting edge instruction and convention if the gurukul framework is to survive and affect today's general public. The objective of the new age gurukul education should be to prepare students in a manner that they do not just have the learning of the current training framework, but also beyond that. Gurukul graduates should not feel substandard compared to their peers.