What is Mood Disorder - Types and Causes

499 Views Updated: 02 Aug 2017
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What is Mood Disorder - Types and Causes

Do you feel euphoric after a great workout or heartbroken after watching a melodramatic movie? Do you experience positive changes when you indulge in your favorite activity or feel instantly light when weekend hops in. This is nothing but your mood and how it reflects your senses.

What is mood disorder?

Mood disorder is a psychological condition where a person’s mood persists to be too low (as in depression) or too high (as in bipolar disorder) for a long period of time.

Types of Mood Disorders

A) Disorders Of Depression

This is perhaps the most common form where the person is subjected to an extreme level of mood swings. This is a disease that takes over the brain of the prey making them feel hopeless thereby affecting their ability to do something innovative. 

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1. Depressive Disorder

This is a mild form of depression where the person suffers depression for at least two weeks. At this condition, if the person is left as they are, then that might make the condition even worse. It is not as bad as the next type.

2. Major Depressive Disorder

This is a severe form of depression where a person suffers depression for two years or more. This disorder is so extreme that it can hinder the normal functioning in a person’s life.

3. Psychotic Depression

This occurs when a person is suffering from both depression and psychosis (cut off from the reality).

4. Postpartum Depression

This type of depression mostly occurs in new mothers. It is the result of hormonal and physical changes combined with the pressure of taking the responsibility of a newborn.

5. Seasonal Affective Disorder

It usually occurs in people during the advent of winters (in low sunlight).

B) Bipolar Disorder

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This dangerous condition is where the mood, activity, and energy of a person drifts away extremely from the normal level. People with such disorder show abnormal excitement (mania) and might have encountered stages of depression. Although they might have partial or complete control on them sometime.

C) Substance-Induced Mood Disorder

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In this type of mood disorder, the person shows the symptoms of mood disorder after taking or stopping a drug. It makes the person so energetic that he/she cannot control their own actions.

Causes Of Mood Disorder

It is not that we can point out the exact cause of the problem but can give you a general idea of what are the possible reasons behind such disorders.

In the case of depression, the possible causes can be linked to the psychological, biological and genetic factors of the person. And bipolar disorder can be a result of a hereditary gene.

A study states that the structure of the brain of people suffering from bipolar disorder or depression differs from the normal brain.

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Effect of Mood Disorder

The person might lose control over his/her actions and emotions when suffering from a major condition of any of the above disorders.

Symptoms of Mood Disorder

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The symptoms can be divided into two main parts:

1. Emotional Symptoms

a. For Depression:

• Thoughts and attempts to suicide

• Previously fun-filled activities are no more interesting

• Feeling extremely sad and lonely

• Feeling of heavy guilt

• Being pessimistic for a long time

b. For Mania:

• Feeling extremely happy for a very long time

• Restlessness

• Feeling high amount of anxiety, irritation, and energy

• Excessively impulsive

• Not afraid to take huge risks

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2. Physical Symptoms

a. For depression:

• Feeling severely low energy or fatigue

• Ache in head, body, cramps

• Digestive problems

• Overeating or Undereating

• Sleeping too much or not sleeping at all

b. For Mania:

• Too many thoughts at the same time

• Speaking at a very high pace

• Insomnia

• Hypersexuality

• Being very distracted

But, these symptoms are not common. It can differ from person to person. If you feel that you also show few symptoms of these disorders, then it is recommended that you see a doctor as soon as possible.

Mood disorder is a mental condition which must be addressed medically and hence if you know someone you might be suffering from this, make sure you advance the cure. Got some more information to enlighten us? Please use the Comments' Box to share your piece. We're all ears!

(Featured Image Courtesy: The Active Times)

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