To donate your organ is the trickiest subject along with being an equally complicated process. Organ transplant remains a debatable subject for a majority of people, and there are several organ donation pros and cons.
However, exactly what is organ donation definition? Are there any advantages of organ donation? Do different types of organ donation leads to any severe consequences? Let's find out.
Organ donation is basically the process of giving/ receiving healthily transplantable organs of a living or deceased person with legal consent for the sake of saving others lives.
The person who donates the organ is known as the donor and the one accepting it is called as the organ recipient. After harvesting the organs, they are carefully transplanted to the person in need to help them lead a healthy lifestyle.
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Whosoever meets the criteria of organ donation is eligible to do the same. Organ donors should not be affected by any critical or long-term diseases. Anyone who is discovered with the same while alive or at the time or death will not be considered. One might also be registered in their state's donor registry, and the donor card needs regular updations. You should contact a transplant center in case of living donor. The center undertakes examinations that determine whether you might be eligible or not. There must also be an exact match of the donor and recipient to ideally avoid any kind of rejection.
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There are various ways in which organ donation or organ transplant might be helpful.
#1. It definitely improves the life quality of others. Organ transplant means they are no longer dependent upon expensive treatments that might go on for life. Kidney transplants might be very helpful for people dealing with severe diabetes or hypertension.
#2. To become a donor comes free. To donate your organs involves no costs. It's just a good deed to not turn down the life of others because you can help, sooner or later.
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#3. Advantages of organ donation include you to become a living donor. A living person can undergo a single kidney transplant, bone marrow donation, segments of liver, pancreas, and intestine or plasma donation.
#4. An individual donor can save around eight to fifty lives single handily. The entire process helps in lowering the grieving process. It, of course, cannot take away the pain of loss but makes the family and friends happy that someone else might live a healthy life.
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#1. In most cases, it is traumatizing for the family members to know about the entire process of organ transplants. Until an organ isn't harvested, the body stays on life support. Some amount of brain activity might also persist.
#2. It is somewhat a prolonged suffering for a recipient. Waiting for a donor is stressful especially when the waiting and survival time is quite meager.
#3. Chronic rejection over time is also possible. The organs might function during the initial period, but in some cases, they start denying the body. There's absolutely no guarantee.
#4. While on one side the organ donation comes for free, on the other side hospitalization costs are heavily incurred. In case the organ or recipients' body takes the time to accept, the costs keep adding along with other medical complications.
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They are the ones who offer transplants while being alive. Eg. Kidney, plasma, bone marrow transplant, etc.
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These are the ones whose transplants are carried out after death. Eg. Heart, eyes, tissues, etc.
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Vascularized Composite Allografts (VCA)
These mainly involve the face and hand transplants.
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