Buddhism is one of the earliest religions, and its teachings are applied even today. There are many followers of Buddhism all around the world. The role of teaching in Buddhist education is very important. Because the education implications have a strong role to play in the lives of the Buddhist people, it is imperative that you should understand the features of Buddhist education and the role of teachers in Buddhist education.
Buddhists have many methods to impart their education. If you want to learn more about this ancient education and what impact it makes on its students, keep on reading further.
Buddhism is based on the teachings of Gautama Buddha. He was born as a royal in the Kapilvastu family in the 6th Century. Buddha believed in the Law of Karma. The law of Karma states that “a person gets what they deserve on the basis of their past deeds.” The existence of man is the result of their past deeds. In Buddhism, the place of God is taken by Karma as it is “the one” who governs the universe. Buddha’s philosophy is described as ‘Tripitakas’. Vinayapitaka – Rules of conduct, Suttapitaka – Buddha’s Sermon, and Abhidhammapitaka – Exposition of philosophical theories.
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#1. The main aim of Buddhist education is to spread the teachings and the knowledge of Gautama Buddha. Along, with this, Buddhism aims for the attainment of Nirvana. Nirvana is a state of in which there is neither suffering, desires, nor sense of self, as the person is released from the effects of karma and the cycle of death and rebirth. Nirvana is the final goal of Buddhism.
#2. Education is imparted equally to all. Caste, religion, gender, etc. are ignored, and all the students are treated equally. The Buddhist education is open to all, and everyone gets an equal opportunity for growth and self-development.
#3. One of the important features of Buddhist education is the role of teachers in Buddhist education. There exists a very harmonious relationship between the teachers and the students. Teachers are treated with great respect and share mutual love and affection for the students. All of them lead a much-disciplined life.
#4. Bhikshus or Monks are the teachers of Buddhist education. The role of a teacher is highly important because they are responsible for teaching their students the path to righteousness and nobleness. The monks should have the purity of character, and thoughts.
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The Buddhist education is dominated by religion. It is imparted in Pali Language. Apart from the religious texts, there are provisions for practical knowledge in Buddhist education. In the ancient times, students were taught spinning, weaving, medicine, etc. The education is imparted through lectures, discussions and question and answers among the teachers and students. Some other methods of teachings in Buddhist education included:
#2. Oral Discussions
#3. Preaching and Repetition
#5. Meditation in Solitude
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The many teachings of Buddha have impacted the lives of the followers. If they want to travel down the path of righteousness, then they have to be noble. Buddhism guides them and helps them in their journey. The implications of Buddhism include directions for developing a good code of conduct. Also, the focus on Karma helps people to keep a check on their conduct in life. Buddhism gave way to a new form of education that involved living a noble life, and it created the foundations of the modern education system.
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