What is Disaster Management?

2,361 Views Updated: 03 Aug 2017
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What is Disaster Management?

A disaster may include events ranging from natural calamities and pandemics to industrial accidents and war. While it is humanly impossible to foresee and prevent every disaster, it is very well possible to limit the negative consequences triggered by a disaster. Disaster management programs are therefore imperative for dealing with a disaster and minimizing the loss and determining different ways to prepare in advance for disaster.

One can even prepare for the natural calamities with programs like disaster management for floods and disaster management for droughts. Here is a piece of information on disaster management and the fundamental phases of disaster management: -

What Is Disaster Management?

Disaster Management is a systematic technique which includes coping strategies for any kind of disastrous event. Interestingly, disaster management does not only pertain to the coping with the negative impacts faced during a disaster, it also involves dealing with the pre and post disaster stress, including the health problems that might arise after a disaster. All in all, disaster management implies handling of resources in such a manner that a catastrophe is dealt with efficiently.

Different Phases Of Disaster Management

#1. Prevention

Prevention is quite a permanent solution for any kind of calamity. It aims at almost no loss or risk to human life. While it is nearly impossible to prevent a natural calamity, some man- made calamities can be efficiently prevented.

disaster management cycle

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#2. Preparedness

A catastrophe can be best dealt with advance preparation. Keeping the procedural essentials and equipment ready beforehand will ensure that the stress or the negative impact of a disaster does not aggravate. With preparedness, you can even put management techniques like evacuation in effect.

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#3. Response And Relief

The response is a phase whereby you can curb the post traumatic stress. It largely includes techniques which are adopted immediately after the calamity. For instance, responsive steps like providing food, water, shelter, and medical help to the victims ensure that the victims are able to deal with the stress.

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(Image Courtesy: First Baptist Church)

#4. Recovery

It is after the situation of emergency is dealt with that the phase of recovery begins. Since it is natural for humans to still be vulnerable to the effects of calamity, it is important to facilitate the rehabilitation. Besides rebuilding the infrastructure, counseling for people with post traumatic stress disorder is also imperative for people to return to their normal lives.

disaster relief

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We would love to hear from you. Feel free to drop in more valuable information regarding disaster management. Kindly use the comment box to share your thoughts and opinions with us.

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Answer

We need to focus on main things for disaster management
1.    Preparation: Be preparing for all coming possible outcomes in coming days.
2.    Response:  You need to be very quick to respond the Disaster and need to analyze the problem.
3.    Recovery: Need to start recovery steps very soon before getting worst.
4.    Mitigation:  After the disaster main thing need to reduce the severity, seriousness of the situation.  


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