A disaster may include events ranging from natural calamities and pandemics to industrial accidents and war. While it is humanly impossible to foresee and prevent every disaster, it is very well possible to limit the negative consequences triggered by a disaster. Disaster management programs are therefore imperative for dealing with a disaster and minimizing the loss and determining different ways to prepare in advance for disaster.
One can even prepare for the natural calamities with programs like disaster management for floods and disaster management for droughts. Here is a piece of information on disaster management and the fundamental phases of disaster management: -
What Is Disaster Management?
Disaster Management is a systematic technique which includes coping strategies for any kind of disastrous event. Interestingly, disaster management does not only pertain to the coping with the negative impacts faced during a disaster, it also involves dealing with the pre and post disaster stress, including the health problems that might arise after a disaster. All in all, disaster management implies handling of resources in such a manner that a catastrophe is dealt with efficiently.
Different Phases Of Disaster Management
Prevention is quite a permanent solution for any kind of calamity. It aims at almost no loss or risk to human life. While it is nearly impossible to prevent a natural calamity, some man- made calamities can be efficiently prevented.
(Image Courtesy: Sekshi)
A catastrophe can be best dealt with advance preparation. Keeping the procedural essentials and equipment ready beforehand will ensure that the stress or the negative impact of a disaster does not aggravate. With preparedness, you can even put management techniques like evacuation in effect.
(Image Courtesy: DefendChild)
#3. Response And Relief
The response is a phase whereby you can curb the post traumatic stress. It largely includes techniques which are adopted immediately after the calamity. For instance, responsive steps like providing food, water, shelter, and medical help to the victims ensure that the victims are able to deal with the stress.
(Image Courtesy: First Baptist Church)
It is after the situation of emergency is dealt with that the phase of recovery begins. Since it is natural for humans to still be vulnerable to the effects of calamity, it is important to facilitate the rehabilitation. Besides rebuilding the infrastructure, counseling for people with post traumatic stress disorder is also imperative for people to return to their normal lives.
(Image Courtesy: The Family International)
We would love to hear from you. Feel free to drop in more valuable information regarding disaster management. Kindly use the comment box to share your thoughts and opinions with us.
(Featured Image Courtesy: Kamptos)