The power structure of India comprises of the Executive (Union Government), Legislative (State Governments) and the Judiciary.
The Lok Sabha the Lower house of the Indian Parliament comprising of elected represented and the Vidhan Sabha is the state legislative assembly comprised of the legislatures elected by the voters.
The Lok Sabha has 545 members, while 543 members are elected by the voters representing parliamentary constituencies; two members from the Anglo-Indian community are nominated by the President of India.
The party or alliance enjoying the majority in the Lok Sabha forms the Union Government
Elections for Lok Sabha and Vidhan Sabha are usually held after every five years.
However, if the ruling party loses the majority, the President dissolves the House and calls for fresh elections. Likewise, if the state government loses the majority, the Governor dissolves the state assembly and calls for fresh polls.
Uttar Pradesh has the maximum number of Lok Sabha seats, with 80 members of the Lok Sabha being elected from the state.
Seats for Vidhan Sabha vary from state to state, depending on the volume of the population. While Uttar Pradesh has the maximum number of seats, with 403 legislatures, Sikkim has the minimum, 30 members.
The political party or alliance having the maximum number of legislatures forms the state government.
The Lok Sabha is empowered to draft laws under the Union List and Concurrent List and the Vidhan Sabha is empowered to draft laws under the State List and Concurrent List.