Newspaper editorials are interpretations of a momentous event or the implications and consequences of an event for the readers who find it intricate to access or comprehend the event after reading any article related to the subject.
Editorials are written to highlight any significant news event.
It is necessary for every newspaper, journal or magazine to abide by the basic norms and guidelines of editorial writing.
Editorial writing is advisory writing on key state affairs such as union budget, railway budget, state budgets, which are generally written by a correspondent or authority in economic affairs.
Editorial on momentous news appears on the first page of newspapers with the name of the newspaper editor who composes it himself/herself.
Usually, editorials are written after prudent assessment of an event and can be written within thirty minutes by many seasoned writers.
However, it is to be noted that editorial writing is very intricate and not everyone’s cup of tea. The writer requires years of experience in the field of journalism as editorials guide or steer the readers, tendering logical advice.
Often they are written as obituaries or tribute following the demise of a noteworthy personality, public figure or celebrity.
To enlighten and educate readers, especially providing clarification or information when required.
It serves implications of an event to its readers and clears confusions from their mind.
Editorials interpret the connotation of news development.
They serve the purpose of informing readers regarding social evils such as monetary scams, scandals, wars, natural and artificial catastrophes, and epidemics.
Warnings are issued through editorials on border clashes to tip off the country and its defense personnel on the likelihoods of war.
They also applaud a unique feat or attainment by an individual or team.
Tribute is also paid through an editorial on the demise of a renowned person.
An editorial is considered as a predictor, guide, or an aide to eliminate any confusion or complication from the mind of its readers. It also controls over-excitement of the readers on any event by interpreting the reality.
Editorial writing is arranged in such a way that the readers get the best out of the team of writers. Daily meetings are held by editorial team members to settle on the subjects of the two or three editorials that are to be written and by whom.
Newspapers that have manifold editions usually have one editorial on local issues from the place of publication.
Analysis of any event is done rationally in editorials, informing the readers regarding each and every aspect of the event and the information is always direct and positive.
Editorial writing requires prudent study of the subject concerned to make the comments more acceptable to the readers.
A good editorial is considered outstanding and extraordinary when it is able to convey any message in a clear, convincing, effective manner with positivity without being prevaricated, and vague.
An editorial on any issue or subject is generally considered as the last and final word due to the immense experience of the writer, who is also a dedicated observer with profuse maturity.
The obligation of an editor is to maintain the editorial policy of his newspaper and he/she has to ensure that the editorials strictly abide by the policy to stay away from any altercation or crevice between the editorial team and the owner of the newspaper.
Some of the distinguished editorial writers of India who have had left a permanent imprint are Khushwant Singh, Kuldip Nayar, M J Akbar, Tushar Kanti Ghosh, Frank Morace, Arun Shourie, Nikhil Chakrabarty, N Ram, Vir Sanghvi, and C R Irani.