World Population Day came into observation when the world population reached five billion in 1987. But, it was in 1989 when an actual day (11th July) was assigned to it, by the Governing Council of United Nations Development Programme.
The World Population Day increases awareness among people about issues like rising population, pregnant women’s health, gender equality, population explosion, poverty, sexually transmitted diseases, and more concerns.
It was the first time in the year 1990 that the world witnessed a global decrease in the population growth. Since then, each year is marked by a decrease in the rate of population growth. This can be the result of campaigns held for the sole purpose of informing and making the people aware of the issues that can crop up as the result of the high-rise in population.
The current population growth rate is 1.11% which is 0.02% lower than the growth rate of 2016. But the real question is that in the current scenario, will this small decrease in the rising population make a large difference?
We all know that population explosion is one of the biggest issues that the human race has to deal with since many years. The only problem is that population is continually on the rise and there is no way that we can stop it.
India to Overtake China's Population by 2022: UN
Here is the list of five most populated countries of the world:
Growth Rate: 9.5%
(Image Courtesy: South China Morning Post)
Government’s View: In 1979, the government took an initiative to control the growth rate with the policy of ‘one child per family’ policy. Here, the parents were given special benefits if they agree to have only one child. In the case of another child, they will have to seek birth certificate and will also be taxed up to fifty percent of their income and might be punished by loss of job or benefits given by the government.
Growth Rate: 33.4%
(Image Courtesy: Cryptome)
Government’s View: The government has offered Rs. 50000 to those couples who will postpone their plans of having a baby for at least two years after their marriage.
Growth Rate: 15.7%
(Image Courtsey: NBC News)
Government’s View: According to the US International Population Policy, the US government is taking measures to encourage healthy and educated population to support the reproductive health of the mothers. It also includes empowering women, voluntary family planning and ways to fight sexually transmitted diseases like Aids and others.
Growth Rate: 23.1%
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Government’s View: Making the girls aware of the issue and encouraging them to postpone marriage, increased number of educated women individuals and increasing awareness among women to use modern contraceptives are some of the ways adopted by the government to curb population. These things helped in making the condition better.
Growth Rate: 21.2%
(Image Courtsey: Wikimedia Commons)
Government’s View: The population control programs of this country was basically to make the women aware of their rights. By providing them information on the same, it was aimed to provide women the decision-making power to choose whether they want to get pregnant or not.
Sterilization is banned in Brazil, but it is still prevalent. Abortion is also illegal with exceptions of a rape victim or medical issues. However, the Brazilian government has never made their females aware of the use of modern contraceptives.
Bringing our attention to the rising population is important. This will help us in the future with sustainable development and fight poverty on a better and larger platform. Although with increasing education and public awareness, people are giving positive results. As a result, population explosion is lesser than the 20th century.
If the population gets controlled, it will make the conditions better for the future with many benefits as mentioned below:
As people will be less in number, it will have a positive impact on the chances of creating employment opportunities. The competition will also be less, and this will result in getting a job with ease.
As there will be a controlled set of the population, there will be huge spaces available for greenery (where we can presently see either buildings or construction sites). This will eventually decrease pollution, balance the ecosystem and make the environment clean.
GDP (Gross Domestic Product) is basically the size of the economy. A limited population will witness a higher GDP per capita (as is the case with Japan).
With a low number of students present in each class, the teacher will be able to give more attention to the students. This focused attention will immensely help in increasing the child’s performance.
There is no doubt that with a higher number of opportunities and income, the quality of life of the person or individual will increase rapidly. There will be no sign of poverty and people will have their own homes to live, they will be able to afford all that it takes to live a quality life.
Well, here are some fun facts about the five countries that made their way to the list of least populated countries in the world compiled by the tabloid, Worldometers:
(Image Courtesy: YouTube)
Fun Fact: It is the only UNESCO World Heritage Site that encompasses a whole country!
(Image Courtsey: YouTube)
Fun Fact: There are no fast food chains or restaurants like McDonald's in this country.
(Image Courtesy: The Telegraph)
Fun Fact: The citizens of this country have not paid taxes since the 1870s. Also, it is one of the richest and safest nations in the world with no airport!
(Image Courtesy: Reddit)
Fun Fact: It is the world’s major exporter for false teeth. In fact, it has two factories that are making efforts to developing dark brown teeth for exports to India, where people eat tobacco that causes their teeth to change the color.
(Image Courtesy: Nations Greenland Project)
Fun Fact: It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site that is the biggest glacier outside of America. The inhabitants of Greenland originated from Central Asia.
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(Feature Image Courtesy: Dekh News)